Ethereum gas fees drop as daily DEX and DeFi volumes decline

Ethereum fees have pulled back from their recent highs alongside a decline in DeFi transaction volumes but the rise of NFTs could push transaction costs back to new highs.

The rising popularity of decentralized finance (DeFi) has brought fresh attention and optimism to the cryptocurrency sector with the total value locked on all protocols increasing from $1 billion to $59 billion in less than a year and the top 5 platforms accounting for $24.33 billion of the total value.

Rising gas fees have been one of the most noticeable results of the increasing interaction with DeFi protocols and currently, the Ethereum (ETH) network hosts the majority of the top DeFi projects. Gas fees have been steadily rising since November 2020 and reached a peak on Feb. 23 when the average transaction cost reached 373 Gwei which is approximately $11.72 at the current Ether price.  

Average Ethereum gas price. Source: Etherscan

Since Feb. 23, fees have declined by 65% with the average cost dropping to 131 Gwei on March 3 and data shows that certain times of the day offer fees below 70 Gwei.

DeFi transactions decreased as the market corrected

One possible source for the declining gas fees seen over the past couple of days can be found by looking at the daily decentralized exchange (DEX) volume.

Daily DEX volume. Source: Dune Analytics

Data from Dune Analytics shows that trading volume on DEXs has been on the decline since peaking at $4.35 billion on Feb. 23 and the DEX daily 24-hour growth metric was down by 50% on March 3.

According to Connor Higgins, a data scientist at Flipside Crypto, fees have decreased over the past few days, but rather than attributing it to one specific cause, Higgins said that the high fees seen on Feb. 23 were an outlier when compared against the overall average on a longer time span.

Higgins said:

“On average fees did fall, but it looks more like they are normalizing after a day of unusually high fees.”

Ethereum fees by the hour. Source: Flipside Crypto

As seen on the chart above, gas fees were significantly higher than the average between Feb. 22 and Feb. 23 when network congestion increased due to a market-wide sell-off that saw BTC price fall by 23.6% and altcoin prices also corrected sharply. After the market stabalized, gas fees returned to their normal average. 

Rising NFT transactions clo the Ethereum network

Those using the Ethereum network might have expected to see a more meaningful decline in gas fees as DeFi transactions decreased but this has not been the case. One reason rates remain high could be the recent increase in activity in the Non-Fungible Token (NFT) sector.

NFT project history chart. Source: NonFungible

As more and more NFT projects launch and hold auctions, high transaction costs and network congestion are likely to continue on the Ethereum network until a widely integrated scaling solution is implemented.

Layer 2 solutions and protocols with cross-chain bridges to Ethereum, such as Polygon and the Binance Smart Chain, have emerged over the past two months and many projects are migrating to these platforms as the best short-term solution to high fees.

Projects like Aavegotchi and SushiSwap have shown how effective these networks can be following their recent integrations with Polygon, and it’s likely that other NFT and DeFi projects will follow suit as the transaction costs and speeds are superior to Ethereum. 

The views and opinions expressed here are solely those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of Every investment and trading move involves risk, you should conduct your own research when making a decision.

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Whales profit as high Ethereum gas fees sideline retail DeFi investors

High gas fees on the Ethereum network are making it nearly impossible for retail investors to interact with DeFi protocols but the same doesn’t apply to whales.

Since early 2020 the decentralized finance sector has been recieved a lot of attention due to its cutting-edge innovation and the lucrative high yield opportunities offered to cryptocurrency holders. 

Despite these features, this week’s record-high gas fees show that the sector is still having growing pains and the absence of a suitable layer 2 solution could be pushing smaller investors away from DeFi.

Investors attempting to place a trade on Uniswap or simply approve a new token on their favorite DeFi platform will have noticed the dent these actions have put on their ETH wallet.

Average Ethereum gas price. Source: Etherscan

Data from Etherscan shows that while gas prices have not reached as high as they were in 2020, they are noticeably higher since December of last year. This rise in gas fees also coincides with the surge in Ether price.

Analysis of different time zones shows that the cost for transactions occurring during the Asian trading session are comparable to those during the U.S. trading session. This shows that the fees are a factor of network usage and highlights the 24-hour nature of the cryptocurrency market.

Average Ethereum fees by day in 2020. Source: Flipside Crypto

There is one group, however, that has benefited from the sharp increase in network fees. fees brought on by the rise of DeFi: Whale token holders.

A closer look at wallets that contain at least 20 ETH throughout 2020 shows a higher number of Ethereum transactions than those coming from smaller wallets, which also correlated to an increase in fees.

Number of transfers by wallet size in 2020. Source: Flipside Crypto

Since gas fees are not calculated based on the size of the transaction but rather the cost to interact with smart contracts, large wallet holders are more likely to engage with the protocol during higher congestion times as a larger wallet balance is less affected by raising transaction costs.

Hypothetically, a $200 trade and a $20,000 trade on Uniswap could both cost roughly $50 in fees under current conditions, making it less likely that smaller wallets will engage as the cost of the trade is 25% of the total value traded versus 0.25%.

In order for DeFi to continue its explosive growth, the gas issues seen on the Ethereum network problem will need to be addressed before any level of mass adoption can be achieved.

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Allow me to introduce myself…. I’m QuiverX

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